UK ID: 910874148
November 22nd, 2013
Unit 3 Summary
As we ended our third unit of explorations, we were reminded to discuss the actual meaning of explorations. An exploration refers to a discovery to seek information or resources. In this Unit we explored worlds fairs for multiple class periods. The worlds fairs of the 19th century focused on reform and the concept of surface versuses substance. We discussed the reformation of worlds fairs from a global history of architecture perspective. The first fair we explored was the 1933 Chicago word’s fair as well as the NY world’s fair in 1939. Both of these fairs were political activities centered around deep political events. The government formed a bureau of international exhibitions whose purpose was to show off art and culture in world’s fairs. The image below is of the Chicago world’s fair. I chose this image to incorporate into Unit 3 because we discussed world’s fair for a lot of the class time focused on this unit. The Chicago world’s fair was the most important and significant because it was the last fair that looked to the past backwards of the 19th century. Cracker jacks, Aunt Jamima, and Wrigley’s gum are all part of the Chicago fair¾products of which are professor Patrick’s favorite. We discussed the world’s fairs as being celebratory events that reflect hopes and fears of people. These fairs are about looking forward and backward at the same time and tend to be temporary. There were a total of 191 fairs in the world, 64 of which are US fairs.
In 1904, the St. Louis fair focused on lighting and the presence of electricity. Louis Sullivan explains where tall buildings came from. He says, “Tall commercial buildings arose from pressure of land prices.” Sullivan designed the Auditorium building and developed his own system of order in buildings, going back to nature. He also designed the guaranty building in Buffalo, NY. He used terra-cotta material for decorative purposes. He also designed the Wainright building in St. Louis, MO and used narrow windows in his design. We discussed Frank Lloyd Wright who worked for Sullivan. We mentioned Wright’s home and studio and the Ward-Willets house where the chimney was the hearth. Wright also created Falling water in Bear Run, PA in 1934. We did an in class activity featuring two different bungalow homes. We compared and contrast the differences of the layout and interior as featured in the arts and crafts Bungalow magazine. We covered the topic of the Bungalow meeting classical revival. The classical revival of world fame was featured in the Paris opera by Charles Garnier and was said to “see and be seen.”
In unit 3, we also discussed the Secession building in Vienna. It symbolizes moving in a new direction during the secession movement by Josef Olbricht. Another designer, Le Corbusier was known as the Raven and it was said that “when he was born, there was no modern architecture, when he died there was little else.” Corbusier created the huge Villa Stein building in France and Unite d’ habitacion. Another building by Lloyd Wright was the Guggenheim museum in NY. The floor of the museum was slanted and had curved walls which presented a hanging issue we discussed would be unstable although unique. We wrapped the unit up with designers Louis Kahn and Roche and Dinkeloo. Kahn designed the Richard’s medical research building that led to an organization of towers. It softened international style with the use of brick. Roche and dinkeloo were involved in the Knights of Columbus headquarters and the college life insurance building. The insurance building we looked at was a clear representation of pyramids about afterlife.