World War II was seen as the people’s war which impacted many nations. A social influence from the both World War I and II is that it impacted literature. It provided a diverse array of materials for books, television programs, movies which began during the war period. The book “The Longest Day” was made into a movie in the 1960’s which was a time that war movies reached their peak. Other movies made around this period which were directly influenced by World War 2 include; Battle of Britain, The Great Escape and Patton. The way in which people watched these movies together would change because they would only be watching movies focused on war specifically. Another social influence from the war was video games that focused on traditional war with Allies and Axis. Physical influences from the war were for the human soul with some describing it as a war between good and evil. Finally, to date World War one figures very prominently in many thousands of books and literature covering various aspects from ideology, aggression, and barbarism subscribed to by both the Nazi and the Japanese regimes. Political influences from the wars were the formation of dictatorships, mainly after WWI. Totalitarianism aimed to control citizen’s lives after WWI as well. A political inflation also rose in prices due to Germany printing more money. Banks weakened due to the U.S. investors withdrawing money from European/German banks.
A few key elements of post- war modernism include the rejected idea of nationalism. Due to the damage from WWI and WWII, postmodernism rejects nationalism because it drove nations into conflict with each other and steer towards a belief in internationalism. Internationalism allows nations to become united, rather than to divide. Another key element of post-war modernism is postmodern literature. Postmodernism peaked in the 60s and 70s with the publication of Catch-22 in 1961, Lost in the Funhouse in 1968, Slaughterhouse five in 1969, and many others. The development of a new American art movement was held until after World War II, when the United States took the lead in the formation of a new art known as abstract expressionism of such artists as Arshile Gorky, Jackson Pollock, and Willem de Kooning. Action painting, as the movement was also known, made its impact felt throughout the world in the 1950s. A number of notable developments were led by artists associated with these and other New York school artists. As the influence of abstract expressionism waned in the 1960s, artists came to question the very philosophy underlying modernism. A vast variety of new movements and styles came to dominate the art world that can now be seen to mark the beginnings of artistic postmodernism and the post-mid century shift from modern to contemporary art.