UK ID: 910874148
October 15 , 2013
Unit 2 Summary
In Unit 2 of Interior Design, we discussed colonial expansion and Britain conquering the world. The Unit was titled Reverberations known as the tradition it breaks and reverberates against. We first discussed Venice, which is known as the city of floating stone in the east and west. The Villa Rotunda is the most important building and is a Renaissance villa outside of Vicenza, northern Italy designed by Andrea Palladio. The building was designed for a suburban. Palladio preferred to call the Villa Rotonda a palazzo instead of a villa. In Unit 2, we focused on renaissance theories that involved architecture changes and ideal buildings and rooms that were designed. One architecture change was a “Piazza.” A Piazza is an architecture space with no roof. An example of an ideal building was Doge’s Palace a main landmark of the city of Venice, Italy. The architecture changes were the large windows known as Quatrefoil, a motif out of Gothic cathedrals in France. The lace and mosaics on the building are also noted as architecture changes.
The San Giorgio Maggiore, Basilica of il Redentore, and Piazza San Marco are all works of Palladio. The San Giorgio Maggiore building is the “mishmash” of all the time periods. It is a white building, which contrasts to the rest because most are red brick. We spent almost an entire class period going over an image titled “America guided by Wisdom” where Athena is illuminated. I am choosing the image to represent all of Unit 2 because of how much time we focused on it and how it represents colonialism. “Classical imagery and the symbolism of Greco-Roman mythology vindicate the triumph of America’s exceptional republican liberty. America, guided by the wisdom of the benevolent deities while engaged in the pursuits of commerce, would now enjoy a golden age of peace and prosperity.” http://newjacksonianblog.blogspot.com/2010/12/america-guided-by-wisdom-allegory-of.html. The ships in the background of the image symbol exploration and how the grass is greener on the other side.
We also reviewed houses by Samuel McIntire in Salem, Massachusetts. These houses were Georgian style copied after King George. Glass was manufactured and shutters were used for air that passes through at night. Carter’s grove plantation in James City county, Virginia was founded shortly after the Samuel McIntire houses in 1751. The use of brick is important to note because it is used more in the South due to its permanence and how it reacts slower to the environment. We discussed several terms such as revolution, reform, revival, and rotation. Revolution defined is a drastic and far reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving. Reform is a change for the better. Revival is a coming again into an activity. Rotation is a uniform variation in a sequence. We also spent a lot of time on materials that changed design such as glass and cast iron used for entertaining and traveling. Materials were used for factories, orangeries, greenhouses, and arcades. Greenhouse and Orangerie starts in the late 18th century when classical revolution is revived. Material examples of arcades include the Burlington arcade we saw a photo of. It covers shopping area from rain and some challenges were bad smells and hot. A famous designer, Henri Labrouste, later exploits cast iron.
A national style alternative we discussed is gothic for the Greek revival. Another style is Grecian associated with the south but is used in all sections of the nation. 19th century influences in America were silk roads and trade routes. The 19th century was also a time pulling together department stores such as Macy’s. Chinese imports in the 16th and 17th century also influenced America such as dishes and porcelain.