revival and reform

Today in class, we defined a revival as a coming again into an activity. It is also known as an improvement in the condition or strength of something. Anne Massey writes, “the most important design reform movement to affect the interior in the nineteenth century was that of the Arts and Crafts.” The Industrial Revolution of the second half of the eighteenth century in Britain generated a totally new economic and social structure, therefore explaining what was reformed (the social and economic structure). The twin forces of industrialization and urbanization is how design was reformed. There was a need to reform because there was growing discontent among the working class population in Britain during the 1830s. The poor also had to endure harsh working conditions resulting in low pay and this was also a need for reform. The electoral system was also corrupt. Overall, reform was needed due to corruption, unfairness, and too many constituencies in rural areas.


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