UK ID: 910874148
September 24, 2013
Unit 1 Summary
In the first unit of interior design, we covered many foundations of design. We defined many definitions of design such as description, deduction, speculation, subculture, and double meaning. Dick Hebdige discovered subculture in 1972 which is the meaning of style. Double meaning is related to subculture and can be defined as objects mean and mean again through alternative expressions. We also watched the powers of 10 film produced by Charles and Eams in 1977. Its central theme is scale. It discussed empty space and idea of change and no change also known as stasis and growth. The Xianyang Palace is a specific element and principle of design that symbolizes the milkyway. It also symbolizes the importance of repetition.
During week two, we discussed circles, groups, and stacks. Symbols of circles are the sun and the moon that are sacred spots and connection points. A group can be groves of trees, reaching vertically up. Groves and stacks symbolize temples and palaces. A stack is like a mountain that is a gathered resource. We also discussed the principles of design and their order. The Tuscan, doric, ionic, Corinthian, and composite types of columns of greek architecture each have a type. Tuscan has the prototype, doric, ionic, and corinthian are all archetypes while composite is hybrid material. The prototype is a model of a product built to be replicated from. An archetype is an original model. Hybrid materials are composites.
We also defined latin terms. Utilitas, firmitas, venustas, temple, basilica, and colosseum were discussed. Utilitas is a useful arrangement, quality and interrelationship. Firmitas is known as a performance of stability. Venustas is the ability to create a sense of place. A temple in greek architecture is adaptation of a frontal orientation. Basilica is the gathering space as well as a key prototype for church. The basilica gets adapted by the Christian religion. The colosseum was a place where bread was served and circuses were held. In Greek houses, there are four areas. The megaron, porch, court, and hearth. There are three parts to the Megaron¾¾porch, court, and hearth. The porch is the garage, the court is the kitchen, and the hearth is the rest of the house that is private such as bedrooms. We talked about the Acropolis of Athens in Greece. Acropolis is an archetype for western architecture and design. One temple on Acropolis is the Parthenon which is a huge monument that we frequently discussed and is also the most important temple on Acropolis. “Acropolis means “highest point” and most Greek cities had their acropolis where people sheltered during the war times and where they built their sanctuaries.” Acropolis. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.aviewoncities.com/athens/acropolis.htm
Trade routes were established and changed the world. They made it easier to exchange goods and ideas such as religion, art, and fashion. Trade routes also changed the languages between people. Cultures mixed and languages were spoken everywhere. Trade routes in Greece were developed and then moved to Rome.
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.greece-athens.com/pages_images/5.jpg